Monday, 24 July 2017
The main difference between the traditional agricultural practices of India and modern agricultural practices of the world stems from the inherent nature and outlook towards farming. Traditional farming involves methods that include labour for tilling, sowing and harvesting. Irrigation is majorly dependent on rain and seeds used are not modern. Modern agricultural practices use mechanised equipment for irrigation, tilling and harvesting along with hybrid seeds. In India, the agriculture technology are labour intensive, whereas the modern agriculture technology are mainly capital intensive. The agricultural land in India is small and disconnected in the ownership of individuals making mechanization difficult. On the other hand land for modern agriculture is being consolidated into one large farm. This led to easy access for mechanised equipment and use of hybrid seeds for increased productivity and disease resistance. The subsidies for modern agriculture technology are far more than traditional farming technologies. Modern agriculture gains from subsidies on energy, irrigation, seeds and fertilizers.
Posted by KisanMarket at 22:06
Thursday, 20 July 2017
Agriculture encompasses a wide variety of specialities. Cultivation of crops on arable land and the pastoral herding of livestock on rangeland remain at the foundation of agriculture. In the past century a distinction has been made between sustainable agriculture and intensive farming. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, pesticides and fertilizers, and technological improvements have sharply increased yields from cultivation. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry such as intensive pig farming (and similar practices applied to the chicken) has similarly increased the output of meat. The more exotic varieties of agriculture include aquaculture and tree farming. The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, raw materials, pharmaceuticals and illegal drugs, and an assortment of ornamental or exotic products. In the 2000s, plants have been used to grow biofuels, bio pharmaceuticals, bioplastics, and pharmaceuticals. Specific foods include cereals, vegetables, fruits, and meat. Fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Raw materials include lumber and bamboo. Drugs include tobacco, alcohol, opium, cocaine, and digitalis. Other useful materials are produced by plants, such as resins. Biofuels include methane from biomass, ethanol, and biodiesel. Cut flowers, nursery plants, tropical fish and birds for the pet trade are some of the ornamental products.
Posted by KisanMarket at 21:53